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Management and Operation of cooperatives in Sisne, Maikot and Hukam VDCs of Rukum District

There  is huge price gap between local collectors and the final market passing through long market chain in the study areas Sisne, Maikot and Hukam VDCs of Rukum District . Local people has weak sharing in the profit due to lack of collective management efforts. In lack of alternative areas of investments, earned money is being used in unproductive consumption like alcohol, gambling and prostitution. So, there is ultimate need of establishing finance centres to save their savings. These micro-finance mechanisms would help generating collective efforts from harvesters to decrease the roles of middleman’s to approach the market. These mechanisms would help to connect local people to the market which would increase the value addition. This mechanism would actually help to avail new areas of investment like agriculture, animal husbandry and harvesting of other medicinal NTFPs in the area and also to develop system of secure storing as price of Yarsagumba increases in the offseason. It also believed to reduce illegal trading and criminal activities involved in the trading. So, for the establishment of micro-finance mechanisms it is very important to train the local people about it.

 Objective

The main objective of the training was  to strengthen micro-financing mechanisms in improved harvesting techniques and pasture land management modalities and establishing cooperatives in the study areas- Sisne, Maikot and Hukam VDCs of Rukum District .

Methodology

The trainings were carried out with participatory approaches and process. First of all,  feasibility study was conducted by Mr. Nar Bahadur Khadka, (Chairman of Nepal Cooperative Association, Rukum District and pioneer cooperative practitioners in Rukum) for the establishment of micro-finance mechanism . For this various personalities were consulted from project area and district headquarters and used several literatures to prepare the feasibility study report. Project consultant had reviewed the study. This report provided guidelines to establish and operate microfinance mechanism in the project area. After feasibility study one toolkit concerning the management of the micro-finance mechanisms had been published with special reference to the project area. Prof. Dr. Pashupati Nepal had prepared a draft of the tool kit. This toolkit had the guidelines for the operation and management of the microfinance mechanisms focused on Yarsagumba collectors initiated by the project and other mechanisms initiated by local people.

After detailed informal and formal discussions 15 residents of each VDC (total 45 from 3 VDCs) who were interested to start and operate micro-finance through teamwork had been selected as probable members of the micro-finance mechanism of their respective VDCs. Three days long training programme was organized in the project area. This training trained total 75 probable members of the mechanisms.

Tools applied

Various presentations from the trainers, group discussion, group voice, question and answers, experiences learning and sharing, lecture methods and documentary shows were adopted to deliver the effective sessions. Flex prints, white board, board marker, marker, sign pen, copy, pen, pin, brochures, pamphlets, laptop, projector etc. were used as the training materials.

Course contents of training

Major courses of the trainings  were: introduction of cooperative, major principles of cooperatives, history of development of cooperatives in the world, history of development of cooperatives in Nepal, types and characteristics of cooperatives in Nepal, major stakeholders of cooperatives in Nepal, organizational management of cooperative movement in Nepal, advantages and disadvantages of cooperatives, cooperatives and general assembly, major issues which should be focused by cooperatives, Yarsagumba collection, cooperatives and livelihood and process of management and operation of cooperative establishment.

Training Details

On the basis of draft of the toolkit of cooperative management provided by Prof Dr. Pashupati Nepal, three days long training was provided in Ranmamaikot VDC of the project area. Project consultant Mr. Narbahadur Khadka (Chairman of Nepal Cooperatives Association, Rukum Chapter) provided training as lead trainer, similarly cooperative trainer Mr. Dhan Raj Khadka worked as assistant trainer. Mr Dinesh Khadka (Rukum representatives of Avenues Television) has captured the videos of the training. 45 participants from three VDCs (15 from each VDC) participated in the training programme.

Committees were formed by the community people of three VDCs which accelerated the task of establishment of the cooperatives. The task of formation of cooperative Comittee was facilitated by Cooperative Consultant Mr Nar Bahadur Khadka. Application was submitted in the office of District Cooperative Association, Rukum which supported in the task of formation of the Cooperatives.

Establishment of three Cooperatives

With the motto of introducing appropriate pastureland management’s modalities and right technique of harvesting three cooperative institutions had been established in the project area. Project area was lacking effectively working formal agencies. These institutions are effectively working in the area since their establishment. Sisne VDC was lacking cooperatives since this date; the cooperative that was established by our project is the first cooperative in the area. The name of cooperative in Ranmamaikot, Hukam and Sisne VDCs are Pupal Jadibuti Sahakari Sanstha Limited, Thakur besi Jadubeti Sahakari Sanstha Limited and Sisne Himal Jadibuti Sahakari Sanstha Limited respectively. These cooperatives will continue the thematic activities of the project after its accomplishment.

Conclusion

Thus three days long training was provided in three VDCs of Rukum District, Sishne, Hukam and Maikot  of the project area about the management and operation of cooperatives in the area for strengthening the  micro-financing mechanisms and uplifting the livelihood of the areas.